Fisheries Restricted Areas - FRAs

The General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) is one of the few RFMOs worldwide entitled to adopt spatial management measures that regulate or restrict human activities in the high seas, e.g. by introducing closures or prohibiting the use of certain gears. Since 2006, four FRAs, falling both in high seas and national waters have been established to ensure the protection of deep sea sensitive habitats in well-delimited sites. In addition, yet in 2005 the GFCM endorsed the decision of prohibiting bottom-trawling activities in waters deeper than 1000 m in order to protect the deep-sea benthic environments of the Mediterranean and Black Sea.

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Original title
Original abstract
Topic category
  • fishing
  • protected_areas
Sub category
Resource language English
Domain area
  • Mediterranean Sea
Provider MedPAN,Adriplan data Portal,GFCM data portal
Data portal Adriplan data Portal,GFCM data portal
Presentation form Map (map represented in raster or vector form)
Spatial representation Vector - polygon
Coordinate reference system
    Web services
      Derives from
      Derived datasets
      Successor of
      Predecessor of
      Temporal extent 2016-01-01
      Spatial extent
      Data accessibility Data may sent by email by MedPAN
      Validation level Official data
      Additional information
      Metadata completeness Complete

      Additional info - MSP - Environment

      Species, habitats, ecosystems, pressures

      Field Value
      MSFD Classes
        MSFD Descriptors/Criteria
          Non MSFD Classes

              Additional info - MSP - Oceanographic and CC

              Physics, biochemistry, EOV, ECV

              Field Value

                Additional info - MSP - Conservation

                Protected areas, OECM, IBA, EBSA, CCH, IMMA, ...

                Field Value
                • Regionally designated Protected Areas (marine and coastal)
                • Potential Other Effective area-based Conservation Measures (OECMs)
                Zonation No

                Additional info - MSP - Maritime activities

                Aquaculture, fishing, transport, energy, ...

                Field Value
                Activity types

                  Additional info - MSP - Coastal & Land use and planning

                  Land use, land cover, planning (strategic, coordination, operational)

                  Field Value

                    Additional info - MSP - Socio-economic

                    Living and non-living resources, shipping, tourism, energy, ...

                    Field Value
                    Activity types
                      Value types

                          Additional info - MSP - Ecosystem Services

                          Provisioning, regulation & maintenance, cultural

                          Field Value
                          CICES classes

                            Additional info - MSP - Legal, Governance & Planning

                            Strategic, legislation, planning, administrative, enforcement

                            Field Value
                            Themes Conservation (i.e. Protected areas)
                              Who is in charge?

                              Additional info - MSP - Relevance

                              Relevance of the dataset / resource in supporting the MSP process at different spatial scales and temporal frames

                              Field Value
                              Relevance (spatial and temporal)
                              • International - present - High
                              • International - future - High
                              • National - present - High
                              • National - future - High
                              • Sub-area - present - High
                              • Sub-area - future - High
                              • Local - present - High
                              • Local - future - High